This year’s 10th HPV Summit themed “A decade of building an HPV and cervical-cancer free Philippines” led by the Cervical Cancer Prevention Network of the Philippines (CECAP) in partnership with the Asia & Oceania Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (AOFOG), Philippine Obstetrical and Gynecological Society (POGS), and the Department of Health (DOH) discussed the WINS, WHAT’S NEXT, and WAY FORWARD to achieving the DOH’s vision for a cervical cancer-free Philippines by 2040.
Cecilia Llave Chair of CECAP and Dr. Ingrid Magnata, Country Manager of Jhpiego discussed the 2020-2030 acceleration plan towards a world without cervical cancer. To achieve the goal of less than 4 cases of cervical cancer per 100,000 women by 2030 or 30 percent reduction in mortality from the disease, a holistic approach is vital and this includes HPV vaccination, screening and treatment of pre-invasive disease, treatment of invasive cervical cancer, and symptom management and palliative care.
This goal is also supported by the DOH’s Cancer Supportive Care and Palliative Care Medicines Access Program (CSPMAP). Dr. Magnata noted that 9 in 10 of new cervical cancer cases occur in low-to-middle-income countries (LMIC) where there is limited access to vaccination and screening.
Human papillomavirus (HPV)causes most cases of cervical cancers and pre-cancerous cervical lesions. Genital HPV is a common virus spread mainly by skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity which may have no visible signs or symptoms. At least 14 types of HPV have been found to be cancer-causing. These HPV-related cancers and diseases are cervical cancer, vaginal and vulvar cancers, penile cancer, anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, and genital warts.
Cervical cancer is one of the vaccine-preventable and treatable forms of cancer, yet it continues to be the second most common cancer next to breast cancer among Filipino women, according to Dr. Rosario Vergeire, Undersecretary for Public Health Services of the DOH.
Roughly, more than 7,000 new cases of and more than 4,000 deaths due to cervical cancer are expected to occur every year. An estimate of 11 Filipino women die of cervical cancer daily.
Prof. Kazunori Ochai, President of the Asia-Oceania Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (AOFOG) emphasized that vaccination is still considered one of the most optimal strategies in guarding against HPV. He said regular screening is also highly recommended to detect pre-cancerous lesions caused by types of HPV not covered by present vaccination and also to protect unvaccinated women from areas where coverage is low. This includes pap smear or visual inspection with acetic acid, and treatments for pre-cancerous lesions and cervical cancer in a single-visit approach (SVA).
An example of an effective immunization system backed by multi-stakeholder collaboration is the DOH’s free HPV vaccination for young girls aged 9 to 14 years old in the School-Based Immunization (SBI) program. This program has been shifted to Community-based Immunization Program due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Once face-to-face classes resume, HPV vaccination will revert back to the initial SBI protocol implementation.
Dr. Patrick Tejano, Program Manager of the National Immunization Program of the Department NIP Program Manager of the DOH emphasized the importance of getting early immunization especially for young women, before they are exposed to HPV. HPV vaccine can help protect girls against the burden of cervical cancer later in life.
It was also noted in the summit that currently, there are several health laws that play a vital role in the implementation of the holistic model of cancer care. First is the Universal Health Care (UHC) Act, which states that every Filipino shall be granted eligibility and access to preventive, promotive, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative care for medical, dental, mental, and emergency health services.Another law is the National Integrated Cancer Control Act (NICCA) which provides for the prevention and control of cancer by improving survivorship through scaling up programs like primary prevention, early detection or screening, prompt and accurate diagnosis, treatment, surveillance, survivorship care, rehabilitation, and hospice care.
Dr. Mae Dolendo, member of the National Integrated Cancer Control Council discussed the updates on the NICCA. Dr. Dolendo shared that the Philippine Cancer Center (PCC), which shall serve as a national specialty center for cancer, is set to open in 2025. The PCC management office has already been established.
Twenty-four DOH hospitals have also been identified to be upgraded as specialty centers for cancer. Currently, the PCC is conducting a scoping activity to conduct a cancer registry development plan. The annual HPV Summit, which commenced in 2012, is a gathering of healthcare professionals, medical societies, patient groups, advocates, health program officers, policymakers, media, civil society organizations, and private sector to discuss key developments and strategies in the road to helping eliminate HPV-related cancers and diseases as a public health problem.