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Study: Pinoys claim knowledge of quarantine distinctions, impact

PHILHEALTHCARE Inc. (PhilCare), in its latest nationwide research, has found out that Filipinos are knowledgeable about the different types of community quarantine (CQ) and their effects on their community.

The CQ Wellness Study showed that respondents graded themselves as “very knowledgeable” about the rules of enhanced community quarantine (ECQ), extreme enhanced community quarantine (EECQ), and general community quarantine (GCQ) with a score of 1.45.

The private firm PhilCare asked respondents nationwide to rate their understanding of the CQ guidelines using a five-point scale with the score of one as “very knowledgeable” to five for “not very knowledgeable.” It also determined educational attainment as a significant factor in the differences in their scoring.

For instance, those who finished high-school or some college and had some high school education or lower reported having the strongest level of knowledge about the CQ guidelines and their distinctions with scores of 1.46 and 1.51, respectively.

Holders of college and post-graduate diplomas have the weakest knowledge with scores of 1.53 and 1.89, respectively. Those with the latter degree particularly had the lowest score, rating themselves to be “knowledgeable” only.

Among those who finished secondary or some tertiary education, nine out of 10 said they know about the guidelines of GCQ (93 percent), EECQ (90 percent), and ECQ (88 percent). In terms of knowing their distinctions, 93 percent said they know the difference between ECQ and GCQ; and 87 percent between ECQ and EECQ.

Majority of those who reached some high-school education or lower said they know about ECQ (94 percent), GCQ (90 percent), and EECQ (90 percent). Also, 94 percent reported being knowledgeable about the difference between ECQ and GCQ, while 85 percent know the difference between ECQ and EECQ.

For college graduates, nearly all (96 percent) said they understand the guidelines during ECQ, while nine out of 10 know about GCQ (91 percent) and EECQ (89 percent). Meanwhile, 94 percent said they know the difference between ECQ and GCQ and 83 percent can distinguish ECQ and EECQ.

Eighty-nine percent of postgraduates said they know the rules of EECQ (89 percent) and ECQ (86 percent), while 64 percent know about GCQ. In addition, 71 percent said they can tell apart ECQ from GCQ and EECQ.

Meanwhile, the research discovered that almost all respondents from the P10,000 to P20,000 income group said they know the rules of the ECQ (97 percent), GCQ (92 percent), and EECQ (91 percent).

Those earning less than P10,000 monthly income reported having the weakest perceived level of knowledge with a score of 1.58. Ninety-five percent said they are knowledgeable about the guidelines in effect during ECQ, 87 percent about GCQ, and 85 percent on EECQ.

“With various community quarantine types in place across the country, we thought that this study could help us look into how well Filipinos believe they know the community quarantine guidelines,” said lead researcher Dr. Fernando Paragas of the College of Mass Communication at the University of the Philippines Diliman.

According to PhilCare President and Chief Executive Officer Jaeger L. Tanco, the research would also address the needs of the people when it comes to important news or information like community quarantine guidelines.

“The health and wellness of Filipinos have always been important to us, especially during the pandemic. The PhilCare CQ Wellness Study helped us see the bigger picture of Filipinos’ knowledge, attitude, and practices while on community quarantine. We believe this will help both the government and private sectors act on giving information to Filipinos especially if there’s a crisis,” he explained.

The study involved a phone survey using random digit dialing protocols which ran from May 11 to 14 and from May 16 to 20. A total of 800 respondents from 46 provinces and 156 cities were interviewed for the study.

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