WASHINGTON—President Barack Obama on Sunday gave voice to the conundrum at the heart of his Syria policy, acknowledging that the US-led military campaign against the Islamic State group and al-Qaeda’s affiliate in Syria is helping Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad, a man the United Nations has accused of war crimes.
“We are not going to stabilize Syria under the rule of Assad,” whose government has committed “terrible atrocities,” Obama said.
“On the other hand, in terms of immediate threats to the United States, ISIL [Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant], Khorasan Group—those folks could kill Americans.”
ISIL is an alternative acronym for the Islamic State group, which has broken with al-Qaeda as it has taken control of large sections of Iraq and Syria.
The Khorasan Group is a cell of militants that the US says is plotting attacks against the West in cooperation with the Nusra front, Syria’s al-Qaeda affiliate.
Both groups have been targeted by US air strikes in recent days; together they constitute the most significant military opposition to Assad, whose government the US would like to see gone.
Obama said his first priority is degrading the extremists, who are threatening Iraq and the West. To defeat them, he acknowledged, would require a competent local ground force, something no analyst predicts will surface any time soon in Syria, despite US plans to arm and train “moderate” rebels.
The US has said it would not cooperate with the Assad government. “Right now, we’ve got a campaign plan that has a strong chance for success in Iraq,” the president said. “Syria is a more challenging situation.” Earlier on Sunday, House Speaker John Boehner questioned Obama’s strategy to destroy the Islamic State group. Boehner said on ABC’s This Week that the US may have “no choice” but to send in American troops if the mix of US-led air strikes and a ground campaign reliant on Iraqi forces, Kurdish fighters and moderate Syrian rebels fails to achieve that goal.
“We have no choice,” Boehner said. “These are barbarians.
They intend to kill us. And, if we don’t destroy them first, we’re going to pay the price.” Obama, though, made clear he has no interest in a major US ground presence beyond the 1,600 American advisers and special operations troops he already has ordered to Iraq.
“We are assisting Iraq in a very real battle that’s taking place on their soil, with their troops,” the president said. “This is not America against ISIL. This is America leading the international community to assist a country with whom we have a security partnership.” Only the US could lead such a campaign, Obama said.
“When there’s a typhoon in the Philippines, take a look at who’s helping the Philippines deal with that situation,” he said.
“When there’s an earthquake in Haiti, take a look at who’s leading the charge and making sure Haiti can rebuild. That’s how we roll. And that’s what makes this America.”
60 Minutes interviewer Steve Kroft asked Obama how the threat emanating from Syria and Iraq squares with the president’s longstanding position that al-Qaeda’s leadership has been “decimated.”
“You had an international network in al-Qaeda between Afghanistan and Pakistan, headed by [Osama] bin Laden. And that structure we have rendered ineffective,” Obama said.
“But what I also said…is that you have regional groups with regional ambitions and territorial ambitions. And what also has not changed is the kind of violent, ideologically driven extremism that has taken root in too much of the Muslim world.”