ROME/GENEVA—Religious discrimination, fanaticism and xenophobia have worsened in several countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East and North America, thus, there is a need for alternatives to identify a common strategy to address these challenges, a Geneva-based think tank promoting global dialogue said.
The issue has been top on the agenda of a meeting organized by the Geneva Centre for Human Rights Advancement and Global Dialogue recently at the United Nations Office in Geneva, during which representatives from the Muslim and Christian regions of the world exchanged views on the convergence between Islam and Christianity.
William Lacy Swing, director general of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) who participated in the meeting, titled “Islam and Christianity, the Great Convergence: Working Jointly Toward Equal Citizenship Rights”, highlighted the importance of recognizing the convergences of the Abrahamic religions—Islam and Christianity—in order to overcome religious divisions.
“We live today in turbulent and troubled times. There are many loud voices that take perverse delight in drawing attention to what divides and splits our global community. In these circumstances, it is all too easy to forget that Islam and Christianity—two of the world’s three ancient Abrahamic monotheist religious traditions—have more in common than in contention.”
Prince Hassan bin Talal of Jordan underlined in a video message the importance of fostering religious tolerance and interfaith harmony between Christians and Muslims as well as intrafaith cohesion.
Referring to the Brussels Declaration, titled “The Peace of God in the World Toward Peaceful Coexistence and Collaboration Among the Three Monotheistic Religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam,” he underscored the importance of bringing peace to the world and the need for peaceful coexistence between religious groups.
“All of our religions disapprove of religious justification of violence and inhumane actions. None of them approve of violence, terrorism or ill treatment of human beings,” he said.
For his part, the Chairman of the Geneva Centre, Dr. Hanif Hassan Ali Al Qassim, highlighted the significance of garnering the support of Muslim and Christian leaders to restore relations between Islam and Christianity.
“Today we have a tremendous opportunity to discuss the convergences between Islam and Christianity and to continue our joint efforts combining our strengths to promote equal citizenship rights”, he added.
The Minister of State for Tolerance of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikha Lubna Khalid al Qasimi, emphasized the need for Christian-Muslim dialogue as a necessary condition for peace, tolerance and harmony.
“Irrespective of national identity, all citizens need to be granted equally universal human rights. Our states need to protect these human rights. To grant equal protection, we need to rethink our Christian-Muslim dialogue. It is only through engaging in dialogue and accepting the diversity of each other that we can reach a peaceful reconciliation”.
Representing over 500 million Christians in more than 110 countries of the world, the General Secretary of the World Council of Churches, Reverend Dr. Olav Fykse Tveit said, “the nature of the relationship between these two faith communities is of vital significance for the welfare of the whole human family”.
For his part, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Algeria, Lakhdar Brahimi, condemned the hijacking of religious faiths by violent and extremist groups, stating that the “majority of people in the so-called Muslim majority countries are horrified by the barbaric violence committed by groups who claim to serve Islam”.
“Daesh [or the Islamic State group], Al-Qaeda, Boko-Haram and similar groups in our countries and in Europe are abusing Islam and gravely trying to destroy its values, its cultures and its civilization.”
Equal, inclusive citizenship rights
As part of the meeting’s agenda, the Executive Director of the Geneva Centre Idriss Jazairy presented a draft agenda for a forthcoming world conference titled “Religions, Creeds or Other Value Systems and Equal Citizenship Rights”, that will build on the discussions initiated during the meeting.
The goal of the conference would be to initiate a structured dialogue that might lead to the obsolescence of the concept of minority, and to its replacement by that of a model of inclusive and equal citizenship rights. On the conference, the Former Acting Foreign Minister of Lebanon and the current Director of the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs in Beirut, Dr. Tarek Mitri, argued that states should be established on the principles of citizenship, equality and law to create an environment of plurality and tolerance.
“Revitalizing the pact of citizenship necessitates the rebuilding of state institutions on the foundation of the rule of law. The state’s chief obligation is to protect its citizens, all its citizens. Politics of inclusion in fractured societies are a condition for equal citizenship,” he said.
The former United States ambassador to the UN and former member of the US Congress, Dr. Mark D. Siljander, ascertained that the convergence and the commonalities between Islam and Christianity could lead to equal and inclusive citizenship rights, drawing on his long-time expertise as a diplomat and peacemaker.
Pakistan’s ambassador Tehmina Janjua reminded the participants that the concept of equal and inclusive citizenship should go beyond religious affiliation.
“If we are to address the issue of citizenship rights/minorities globally, then we need to go beyond the relationship of Christianity and Islam. We also need to go beyond viewing this issue from the perspective of religion alone.”
The goal of the Geneva Centre’s initiative was to highlight the many convergences that exist between Islam and Christianity, to recognize the potential of a “great convergence” between both religions, and to mitigate and reverse the social polarization between affiliates of these two religions and the resulting marginalization of religious minorities, discrimination, xenophobia and violence. IPS