PSA survey records 16.3% increase of contractuals in PHL labor force

Over a million Filipino workers did not hold regular positions in their companies in 2014, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).

Based on the latest Statistics on Non-Regular Workers, the PSA said 1.336 million workers were considered nonregular employees in 2014.

This represented some 29.9 percent of all 4.472 million workers employed in establishments with 20 or more workers.

“Compared with 2012, nonregular employment in 2014 posted a growth rate of 16.3 percent,” the PSA said.

Nonregular workers are composed of contractual/project-based workers, probationary workers, casual employees, seasonal employees and apprentices/learners.

About half, or 50.3 percent, representing 627,279 workers, we’re considered contractual/project-based workers, while 23.9 percent, or 318,705 workers, were probationary.

Casual and seasonal employees accounted for 15.6 percent and 7.6 percent of nonregular workers, respectively. There were a total of 207,895 casual employees and 102,070 seasonal workers in 2014.

PSA data showed apprentices/learners, which accounted for 2.6 percent, or 34,722 of total nonregular workers, contributed the least share.

“Contractual/project-based workers registered the biggest increase in employment [+71,515], equivalent to a growth rate of 11.9 percent. Casual workers recorded the lowest growth rate of 2.7 percent [+5,423],” the PSA said.

PSA data showed nonregular workers are common in construction at 27.4 percent; manufacturing, 21.8 percent; and wholesale and retail trade, 10.9 percent.  The sectors that posted the fastest increase in nonregular workers between 2012 and 2014 were agriculture, fishery and forestry at 111.1 percent; financial and insurance services, 68.6 percent; and repair of computers and personal and household goods, other personal service activities.

The data was obtained from the 2013-2014 Integrated Survey on Labor and Employment (ISLE).

The ISLE is conducted every two years. It is a nationwide survey covering 8,399 establishments with 20 or more workers.

The data was obtained from across industry groups as of June 30, 2014, compared with 2012 data.



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A professional journalist for over a decade, Cai U. Ordinario currently writes macroeconomic and urban development stories for BusinessMirror. She has received awards for excellence in reporting on the macroeconomy and statistics. She was also cited for her contribution to statics reporting by the National Statistical Coordination Board (now the Philippine Statistics Authority). She is a recipient of journalism fellowships including the Jefferson Fellowship from the Honolulu-based East West Center. She is currently completing her Masters degree in Communication at the University of the Philippines. She graduated with a degree of Bachelor of Arts Major in Journalism from the University of Santo Tomas.